Mesothelioma is a rare cancer form in which cancerous cells makes its presence felt in the mesothelium. Regarding mesothelium, it is a protective sac whose main responsibility is to cover portions of internal organs. Majority of people who are suffering from mesothelioma have worked in a location where they inhaled asbestos particles.
Mesothelium comprises of two cells layers. One of them surrounds the organ while another one develops a sac around the organ. The mesothelium creates a lubricating fluid which is then released between these two layers. With this, moving organs glide without any discomfort against adjacent structures. On the basis of body location, you will find plenty of different names associated with the mesothelium. One such name is peritoneum. It is a mesothelial tissue that is given a responsibility of covering organs in the abdominal cavity. The main responsibility of pleura is to lines the chest cavity wall.
The major risk factor for mesothelioma is working with asbestos. A past record of asbestos exposure at workplace is reported in more than 50 percent of all mesothelioma cases. Asbestos is a minerals group that occurs naturally as flexible fibers, divided into woven and thin threads. Asbestos is commonly used in lots of industrial products. It includes brake linings, insulation, cement, roof shingles, textiles and flooring products.
According to recent research, if small asbestos particles float in the air at the time of manufacturing, there is a strong possibility that it may be swallowed or inhaled and can lead to serious medical condition. Apart from mesothelioma, it can also cause lung cancer and kidney disease. Smoking has no part to play in mesothelioma.
With regard to mesothelioma cancer symptoms, it may not appear until twenty to thirty years after asbestos exposure. Some of the common symptoms of mesothelioma cancer are chest pain and the shortness of breath because of fluid accumulation in the pleura. You may also witness abdominal pain and weight loss when suffering from mesothelioma. When suffering from peritoneal mesothelioma cancer, you are going to experience bowel obstruction, fever, anemia and blood clotting abnormalities.
Diagnosing mesothelioma is real tough as the symptoms are quite identical to various other conditions. The whole process of diagnosis starts with a review of your medical record especially if you have been exposed to asbestos in the past. You may also need to go through full physical examination including chest x rays and abdomen tests. MRI scan can also play a significant part in the diagnosis of mesothelioma cancer.