Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer that occurs because of asbestos exposure. Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma does not respond positively to any therapy and is not easy to diagnose. Similar to other forms of Mesothelioma, Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma is fatal and aggressive. Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma appears as spindle-shaped cells pattern that overlap with each other. Most patients die within three to five months of diagnosis.
Malignant Mesothelioma cancers are of three types: Peritoneal Mesothelioma (affecting the abdomen region), Pleural Mesothelioma (affecting the chest cavity) and Pericardial Mesothelioma (affecting heart lining). Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma is one of the three main subtypes of Mesothelioma categorized on the basis of the cells; Biphasic Mesothelioma and Epithelioid Mesothelioma are the other two subtypes. There cells are of the following types: clear cell, small cell, acinar cell and tubopapillary cell. Sarcomatoid cells are irregular and oval shaped and if you view them in an electron microscope, you will not be able to see their nuclei.
Mesothelioma affects the mesothelial tissues which include: the pleura (the tissue that lines the chest cavity and envelops the lungs), the peritoneum (the tissue that lines the abdomen) and the pericardium (the tissue that surrounds the heart).
The diagnosis of Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma is done by a histopathologist whose main responsibility is to analyze a portion of suspect tissue with the help of a high powered microscope. A piece of tissue is removed through a diagnostic surgery known as biopsy. Health care providers can become confused when dealing with Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma because of sarcomas (cancers in the body’s supportive tissues like muscle, bone, fat and cartilage) that have an identical cellular structure.
If you have been diagnosed with Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma, you may be eligible for some sort of compensation. You must hire an experienced personal injury attorney that has handled Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma cases in the past. A personal injury lawsuit can help people suffering from asbestos exposure to get compensation for their medical bills, emotional trauma and lost income. If you have a family member who died from Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma, make sure to hire an attorney.
The majority of health care providers get confused when dealing with Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma because of its appearance, which is identical to Sarcomatoid Carcinoma. Sarcomatoid cancer rarely happens in the lungs and just about 2% of lung carcinomas are Sarcomatoid.
Pulmonary Sarcomatoid Carcinoma is similar to Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma, although Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma is more common in men who smoke. Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma and Pulmonary Sarcomatoid Carcinoma share the same kind of symptoms: pleural effusion, chest pain and breathing problems.
There are plenty of similarities between Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma and high-grade Sarcoma. While Carcinomas affect the epithelium, Sarcoma affects the supportive tissues. If the Sarcoma starts expanding to the pleura, it will be indistinguishable from Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma under an electron microscope.